Researchers can demonstrate their competence in areas such as research ethics, open science, regulatory oversight, research administration, and other topics through accreditation.
Certificates, badges and other qualifications can be added to ORCID records so that the evidence of competence is publicly available and unambiguously linked to an ORCID iD. These qualifications can then be used to access restricted datasets, prove that training has been completed or perform other privileged actions.
There are two general ORCID workflows for qualification information; adding Qualifications to ORCID records, and reading Qualifications in order to make access decisions.
- When signing up for an online course, or on completion of the course, the participant is asked to sign into the qualification provider with their ORCID iD.
- The participant is asked to authorise (or deny) access for the qualification provider to read and update their record
- The qualification provider system adds a qualification item to the participants ORCID record using the ORCID API.
What information do qualifications contain?
ORCID has a separate section in the ORCID record to record information about qualifications, accreditation, certificates and badges.
Each qualification item will always contain:
- The qualification title
- The provider’s Organisation ID (e.g. ROR ID)
- The date it was added to the ORCID record
- Who added the qualification (the source)
They may contain:
- The validity date, including an end date if the qualification expires
- The qualification persistent ID, identifying the type of qualification gained.
- The qualification URL, which contains human readable description of the type of qualification earned.
- The qualification persistent ID. This should link to an online version of the qualification certificate. This could be an existing unique ID or simply a URI.
If a service is interested in the qualifications earned by a researcher then you can read them from their record. This information can then be used to prove the ownership of a particular qualification.
- The service asks the researcher to sign into their service with their ORCID iD.
- The participant is asked to authorise (or deny) access for the service to read their record.
- The service uses the ORCID API to read the qualifications section of the ORCID record.
- The service may want to check who added the qualification item to the ORCID record (the source) to make sure it is a source they trust. The source of the qualification could be either:
- The service itself,
- Another ORCID member organisation,
- The researcher themselves.
How do I collect an authenticated ID?
You collect authenticated IDs when you ask a researcher to sign in with their ORCID iD. This process uses a technology called “OAuth” or “SSO” and should be built into your workflow.
See the API Tutorial ‘Get an Authenticated ORCID iD‘ for more details.
How do I request permission to update an ORCID record?
The process to get permission to add or update data on a user’s ORCID record uses OAuth, as described in our 3 Legged OAuth FAQ. Only ORCID members can use the Member API to ask for update permissions. In simple terms it works like this:
- Your local system creates a special link
- When clicked, the user is sent to ORCID, signs in and grants permission
- ORCID sends the user back to your system with an ‘authorization code’
- Your system exchanges that code for an ‘access token’
- The access token lets you update the user’s record
How do I add items to an ORCID record?
Items (works, employment, funding, peer review etc) can be added to an ORCID record using the ORCID member API. You need the following:
- The researchers permission
- Member API credentials
- And either:
- A vendor system that integrates with the ORCID Member API
- Your own system that integrates with the ORCID Member API
What should I communicate to my users?
To support the social component we offer a toolkit of Outreach Resources to help you develop a campaign to support your integration, and communicate to your researchers:
- What ORCID is.
- Why your system collects iDs and how your system will perform tasks, such as updating their records.
- Why your researchers will benefit by creating an ORCID iD and connecting their iDs to your system.
- How ORCID benefits the wider, global research community.
We will be continually building out this “library” of resources based on feedback from the community. If you have an idea for something you might like to see, please feel free to contact us.
Why should I collect authenticated ORCID iDs?
Collecting validated ORCID iDs for individuals through the OAUTH process is important. Individuals sign into their ORCID accounts using their registered email address and password or they can create a new account and then authorize your system to obtain their ORCID iD. This ensures you get the correct ORCID iD for the researcher and that the information on that record reflects their research activities (see What’s So Special About Signing In).
Why should I update ORCID records?
You can help make life easier for your users by connecting validated information to their ORCID records. You will also be helping to build trust in scholarly communications and, by keeping that data up to date, you can reduce the reporting burden for your users and improve data quality.
ORCID for Research Organisations
In addition to its use as a persistent identifier for your researchers, ORCID can help you take control of how your institution’s name is used across research systems. In combination with other persistent identifiers ORCID enables you to authoritatively assert your staff, faculty, and student affiliations with your institution. You can also use ORCID APIs to receive real-time notifications about research activities, to auto-update forms, and to follow your alumni’s careers.
ORCID for Funding Organisations
By embedding ORCID iDs in your funding workflows, you can reliably connect your grantees and funding programs — and save everyone time and reduce errors caused by manual keying of information. Using ORCID in your system(s), you can play your part in building a trusted research information infrastructure by asserting connections between individuals and the grants you award them.
ORCID for Publishers
Researchers are at the heart of everything that scholarly and research publishers do. Accurate author and reviewer information is vital to indexing, search and discovery, publication tracking, funding and resource use attribution, and supporting peer review.
ORCID serves as an information hub, enabling your authors and reviewers to reliably connect to their contributions, and to share information from their ORCID record as they interact with your publishing systems. Collecting iDs for all your authors and reviewers during the publication process — whether for books, journals, datasets, compositions, presentations, code, or a variety of other works — allows for information to be easily shared, ensures researchers can provide consent to share, saves researchers time and hassle, reduces the risk of errors and, critically, enables researchers to get the credit they deserve for the important work they’re doing.