The ORCID in Publishing Working Group was active until November 1, 2018. The following information provides historical reference and context of the now inactive group.
The publishing community has been an early and enthusiastic supporter of ORCID. Over 50 publishers have signed the open letter requiring ORCID iDs for authors and pledging to adopt our best practices for publishers. More than 2000 publishers include ORCID iDs in their Crossref metadata, and well over 7000 journals request and include iDs in submission and publication. Publishers are also starting to embed ORCID in their books and conference proceedings workflows, and they have been early adopters of our peer review functionality, with more than quarter of a million review items added to ORCID records. Informal publishing platforms like WordPress and Drupal have also added support for ORCID iD collection, and systems that rely on publication metadata have included ORCID iDs as a core data point for search and grouping.
Since this early adoption, there have been many developments at ORCID:
- We launched the Collect & Connect program to ensure broad understanding and adoption of effective ORCID implementation practices across the research community.
- Auto-update of publications to ORCID records (through organizations like Crossref) has greatly reduced effort for authors and increased the amount of publication data attached to ORCID records – one million DOIs added, and counting!
- Work with user facility and research resource providers in concert with publishers has highlighted the benefits of including resource use in publications.
- The ORBIT project raised expectations of including structured funding data in publications.
Publishing community knowledge and adoption of these developments had been uneven, so the purpose of this working group was twofold:
- Increase knowledge and adoption of new ORCID programs and initiatives by the publishing community
- Increase ways for the publishing community to inform and support existing and new programs and initiatives
We worked with the group to prioritize a set of key projects, including:
- ORCID UI/UX in publishing: What is the best practice for including an ORCID button in publishing systems? Where does it go, and what is the desired user behavior? What is the interface for collecting information from ORCID records and using it in publishing systems? How can we improve the user experience in publishing workflows, including getting new items added to their records? This project will engage members of the community to explore these topics along with a specialist in the field of UI/UX design. The final deliverables will include a set of guidelines, graphical elements, and a promotion program for adopting the findings.
- Third-party systems: Work collaboratively with third-party system providers in publishing to define core ORCID functionality in publication workflows and deliver a largely consistent experience to end users. We subsequently launched the Certified Service Provider program as a means for ORCID to partner with SPs on their use of ORCID and to make product information more accessible to the ORCID community.
- Requiring ORCID at submission: Do all third-party systems support this currently and, if not, how could it be achieved? Can publishers and service providers do more to promote their ORCID requirement to their user base and to widen uptake, including extending it to co-authors?
- The ORCID experience for readers: How can we maximize the visibility and usefulness of ORCID iDs in published content to encourage readers to use the iD as a rich source of information.
- Adopting ORCID – the publishing roadmap: Where do we want to go and how do we get from here to there? What can publishers do now and what will require more time?
- We built on a draft roadmap, with the goal of engaging a diverse group of organizations in the discussion to ensure it met the needs of publishers in all regions, those that are large and small, commercial and not-for-profit, and across all types and formats of publication.
Formation and membership
This is an ad hoc working group, initiated by ORCID’s founding Executive Director, Laure Haak, and chaired by a member of the ORCID Board. Its voluntary and invited membership consisted of representatives from the broad publishing community from around the world. Members were selected by the chair, with staff and Board recommendations.
The group was chaired by a member of the ORCID Board. To encourage a “safe space” for frank conversations, discussions during meetings and online conversation were kept confidential; meetings and other communications, including document comments, were considered closed. As with other ORCID groups, activity, status and outcomes of the group were shared with the ORCID Board and the group together determined what could and should be shared more broadly with the community.
Working Group Members
- Alison Mitchell, SpringerNature – Chair (UK)
- Channing Chai, Social Sciences Academic Press (China)
- Chris Heid, Clarivate Analytics (US)
- Laura Jose, Oxford University Press (UK)
- Andrew Joseph, Wits University Press (South Africa)
- Jennifer Kemp, Crossref (US)
- Kerry Kroffe, PLOS (US)
- Michael Markie, F1000 (UK)
- Miriam Maus, Wiley (UK)
- Alex Mendonça, SciELO (Brazil)
- Claire Rawlinson, BMJ (UK)
- Bruce Rosenblum, Inera (US)